WHAT IS INTERNET OF THINGS: Meaning and How it Work


When discussing the Internet of Things, which is also identified as “IoT,” your mind would refer you back to the Internet which is true to a certain extent. However, it goes beyond that. It deals with a vast network of interconnected physical objects, devices, amongst other equipment that communicate data with each other over the Internet.

Put another way, it is a mode of technological advancement that enriches human lives daily through seamless interactions with the objects that are within our surroundings to ensure responsive and interconnectedness. The goal is to ease your labour and increase your productivity speed.

Probably wondering where IoT can be found? Remember we explained that it has to be smart such that it enables automation. The Internet of Things can be visible in various environments like healthcare where patients can be properly monitored, in industry for effective production with less downtime, security, agriculture which is used to monitor the soil and weather conditions, vehicle tracking, consumers’ electronics, etc. The sensor helps you send and receive real-time data about the physical environment you are interacting with.

The Internet of Things is designed to work with less human intervention; it is automatized. Nevertheless, in some cases, it may require humans to oversee and manage where necessary.

How does Internet of Things Work?

The IoT operates with a combination of software, hardware and network infrastructure to communicate adequate data between shared devices. The sensor is the instrument that accumulates data received from the physical object, while such information collected is eventually processed. By using some communication channels, that are quite similar to Wi-Fi, you can transmit such information you get and compute into the database for proper analysis and reference. Depending on the form or structure the data takes, it determines your storage.

Some Examples of Internet of Things

Smart Device

These are appliances in the home, office and the like that can be remotely controlled when there is access to a means or object that gives command. Some good examples are the cameras that serve the purpose of security, smart lights, smart kitchen appliances, etc.


To improve efficiency, either a public or personal vehicle that is linked with a sensor and a means of communication exchanges data between the likes of other connected ones to enhance traffic management with adequate safety preventive measures in check without human intervention.


In the health sector, health personnel can this remote device to monitor their patient without getting any close to them.


The use of internet-connected sensors in industrial settings helps enhance productivity, and predictive maintenance of machine

Benefits of Internet of Things

Data Collection

This is one of the most important things IoT covers. Raw data are the information obtained from your environments which are processed into a meaningful insight. It passes through various processes such as filtering, and statistical analysis.

Efficiency on Internet of Things

The operation of IoT is systematized such that tassk can automatically be carried out effectively without the need for human contribution in it.

Remote Monitoring on Internet of Things

Your location doesn’t hinder the operation of the system in IoT because it allows you to monitor and manage your equipment from a longer distance while you’re away.

Cost savings

Since the operation is automated, there is a reduction in manual labour and energy conservation.

Challenges of The Internet of Things


Since the mode of operation has a link with the internet, it is susceptible to cyberattacks and weak security could leak the data that are within the database.


The data received from your device often captures sensitive details that include your personal information. However, the challenge here is that unauthorized access to this data can lead to a breach of your privacy.


This is another difficult aspect of the Internet of Things. It is most likely to happen when you have more than one device to manage when analyzing your data. The volume of data that is generated can be overwhelming. When these data are unquantifiable, it can overload the system.


The cost comes in through various ways; first the device cost, the infrastructural cost, maintenance cost, data cost, security, connectivity, and integration, amongst others. Each of these has a way they affect the entire operation of IoT.


The probability for a device to fail or a request for an update can be another problematic aspect of this. Some of the needs can be a software update, security patches or a situation where you may have to get another device for effective operation.


We have explicitly looked into what the Internet of Things entails and it simply encompasses an evolvement of technology that adapts to our needs and preferences to ensure a quality and personalized experience in our interaction with our surroundings.


About the author

Zainab Olatunji

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